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Pepperbox pistols also did away with needing multiple hammers but used multiple manually operated barrels. Machine guns are normally used against unprotected or lightly protected personnel, or to provide suppressive fire. ‘Suddenly, machine gun bullets were fired and Michaela fell to the floor.’ ‘The M60 is a machine gun which while fired continually causes the screen to violently shake which is a nice touch.’ ‘He then leapt fifty feet into the air to avoid the machine gun fire from the SWAT team.’ A machine gun is belt fed. Another is a tripod, where the person holding it does not form a "leg" of support. Revolvers further reduced this to only needing a pre-prepared cylinder and linked advancing the cylinder to cocking the hammer. Assault rifles are a compromise between the size and weight of a pistol-calibre submachine gun and a full-size battle rifle, firing intermediate cartridges and allowing semi-automatic and burst or full-automatic fire options (selective fire), sometimes with both of the latter present. Delivered to your inbox! The biggest single cause of casualties in World War I was actually artillery, but combined with wire entanglements, machine guns earned a fearsome reputation. Definition of machine-gun_1 noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Meaning of machine gun. MACHINE. This weapon was also hopper-fed and never went into mass production. Modern machine guns are commonly mounted in one of four ways. A.D. 1858–1866", "Provisional Specifications Not Proceeded with", "HyperWar: The Machine Gun (Vol. Another word for machine-gun. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Releasing the trigger resets the trigger mechanism by engaging a sear so the weapon stops firing with bolt carrier fully at the rear. Define machine gun. Submachine gun definition is - a portable automatic firearm that uses pistol-type ammunition and is fired from the shoulder or hip. Find more ways to say machine-gun, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. The term shall also include the frame or receiver of any such weapon, any part designed and intended solely and … In the United States and elsewhere around the world, these weapons are likely to only be found on a battlefield [source: Violence Policy Center]. This understanding is what makes a machine gun an ef-fective crew-served weapon capable of suppressing and controlling large target areas. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'? [27] Gatling guns were targeted by artillery they could not reach, and their crews were targeted by snipers they could not see. The first successful machine-gun designs were developed in the mid-19th century. First World War combat experience demonstrated the military importance of the machine gun. All Free. Attempts to transport light machine guns by wheeled carriages or pack animals wer… machine-gun - translate into Czech with the English-Czech Dictionary - Cambridge Dictionary On externally powered machine guns, such as miniguns, an electronic button or trigger on a joystick is commonly used. Other automatic weapons are subdivided into several categories based on the size of the bullet used, whether the cartridge is fired from a closed bolt or an open bolt, and whether the action used is locked or is some form of blowback. One is a shoulder-gun-length weapon made in Nuremberg, Germany, circa 1580. Similar automatic firearms of greater than 20 mm (0.79 in) caliber are classified as autocannons, rather than machine guns. The most common interface on machine guns is a pistol grip and trigger. Change your default dictionary to American English. Machine guns can continue to fire as long as the trigger is held back or until the supply of ammunition is exhausted. The machine gun was developed in the late 19th century and has profoundly altered the character of modern warfare. . [26] Sustained firing of gunpowder cartridges generated a cloud of smoke, making concealment impossible until smokeless powder became available in the late 19th century. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). machine gun can add firepower to the assault, but it is often best employed to suppress or neutralize the objective from a base of fire. Many machine guns also use belt feeding and open bolt operation, features not normally found on other infantry repeating firearms. machine gun (plural machine guns) A machine gun. The long-range, close It’s the … The weapon featured mechanized loading using a hand crank linked to a hopper above the weapon. § 5845(b) For the purposes of the National … Volley guns (such as the Mitrailleuse) and double-barreled pistols relied on duplicating all parts of the gun, though the Nock gun used the otherwise-undesirable "chain fire" phenomenon (where multiple chambers are ignited at once) to propagate a spark from a single flintlock mechanism to multiple barrels. Machinery.-v.2. These battalions were composed of the hardened infantrymen—riflemen, Witnesses heard the sound of an explosion and, Over the years it's been updated, including a £320,000 renovation in the '80s according to Secrets of Royal Travel, which added protections to defend against, After a brief Period the advance commenced and was met with, In certain cases, Spider-Man will just pick up a, But anyone who came to a Monopoly game armed with a, The marshals who took Ruby to and from school were heavily armed and kept a, In May 1944, a Choctaw sergeant named Van Barfoot singlehandedly took out three, There were close calls, one involving a B-17 that disintegrated just above and to the right of Bolado’s top, Post the Definition of machine-gun to Facebook, Share the Definition of machine-gun on Twitter, We Got You This Article on 'Gift' vs. 'Present'. Loading systems in early manual machine guns were often from a hopper of loose (un-linked) cartridges. Definition of machine-gun in the Definitions.net dictionary. Rotary guns are less prone to jamming than a gun operated by gas or recoil, as the external power source will eject misfired rounds with no further trouble, but this is not possible in the rare cases of self-powered rotary guns. These weapons were still powered by hand; however, this changed with Hiram Maxim's idea of harnessing recoil energy to power reloading in his Maxim machine gun. What does machine gun mean? The last major mounting type is one that is disconnected from humans, as part of an armament system, such as a tank coaxial or part of an aircraft's armament. The term “machinegun” means any weapon which shoots, is designed to shoot, or can be readily restored to shoot, automatically more than one shot, without manual reloading, by a single function of the trigger. They are commonly mounted on fast attack vehicles such as technicals to provide heavy mobile firepower, armored vehicles such as tanks for engaging targets too small to justify use of the primary weaponry or too fast to effectively engage with it, and on aircraft as defensive armament or for strafing ground targets, though on fighter aircraft true machine guns have mostly been supplanted by large-caliber rotary guns. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. [9] It was one of the earliest weapons to be referred to as a machine gun, being called such in 1722,[10] though its operation does not match the modern usage of the term. Light machine guns often have a butt stock attached, while vehicle and tripod mounted machine guns usually have spade grips. noun. Original patent claim reproduced in: Francis Bannerman Sons, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "The History of the Royal Society of London for Improving of Natural Knowledge, from Its First Rise: In which the Most Considerable of Those Papers Communicated to the Society, which Have Hitherto Not Been Published, are Inserted in Their Proper Order, as a Supplement to the Philosophical Transactions", "The Armoury of His Grace the Duke of Buccleuch and Queensberry", "Foglio ufficiale. Firing multiple rounds at the exact same time makes it a volley gun, and not a machine gun. This understanding is what makes a machine gun an ef-fective crew-served weapon capable of suppressing and controlling large target areas. [23] Another early American patent for a manually operated machine gun was filed by C. E. Barnes in 1856. 26 U.S.C. [21] In the same year, water cooling was proposed for machine guns by Henry Bessemer, along with a water cleaning system, though he later abandoned this design. He was so impressed with the weapon that he purchased 10 on the spot for $1,500 apiece. The English and Russian governments showed interest but the former refused to pay Steuble, who later sued them for this transgression, and the latter tried to imprison him. [14][15][16], In 1847 a short description of a prototype electrically-ignited mechanical machine gun was published in Scientific American by a J.R. Nichols. Machine gun, automatic weapon of small caliber that is capable of sustained rapid fire. It fires two rounds with every pull of the trigger. A most outstanding soldier The Taliban were pouring in fire towards us so I got my second weapon, which is a mini machine-gun , and fought on with that. Whereas such weapons are highly reliable and formidably effective, one drawback is that the weight and size of the power source and driving mechanism makes them usually impractical for use outside of a vehicle or aircraft mount. n. An early, water-cooled, automatic machine gun having a single barrel. English Language Learners Definition of machine gun (Entry 2 of 2), See the full definition for machine gun in the English Language Learners Dictionary, Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for machine-gun, Nglish: Translation of machine-gun for Spanish Speakers. ‘Suddenly, machine gun bullets were fired and Michaela fell to the floor.’ ‘The M60 is a machine gun which while fired continually causes the screen to violently shake which is a nice touch.’ ‘He then leapt fifty feet into the air to avoid the machine gun fire from the SWAT team.’ What does machine-gun mean? View the pronunciation for machine gun. B3N4478 Machine Gun Employment 5 Basic Officer Course Definitions Trajectory The arching flight path of the round from the muzzle of the weapon to the target. How to use a word that (literally) drives some pe... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. In a worst-case scenario this may cause a cartridge to overheat and detonate even when the trigger is not pulled, potentially leading to damage or causing the gun to cycle its action and keep firing until it has exhausted its ammunition supply or jammed; this is known as cooking off ( as distinct from runaway fire where the sear fails to re-engage when the trigger is released). Machine-gun definition is - characterized by rapidity and sharpness : rapid-fire. A machine gun is a military weapon capable of fully automatic fire. Heavy machine gun is a term originating in World War I to describe heavyweight medium machine guns and persisted into World War II with Japanese Hotchkiss M1914 clones; today, however, it is used to refer to automatic weapons with a caliber of at least .50 in (12.7 mm)[1] but less than 20 mm. An automatic rifle capable of firing full auto is not a machine gun if it is magazine fed. Other sears stop the firing pin from going forward after the round is locked into the chamber. machine gun - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Machine guns are generally categorized as submachine guns, machine guns, or autocannons. In addition to that, they are in the nature of the design spun at very high speed during rapid fire, which has the benefit of producing enhanced air-cooling as a side-effect. Machine guns are used against infantry, low-flying aircraft, small boats and lightly/unarmored land vehicles, and can provide suppressive fire (either directly or indirectly) or enforce area denial over a sector of land with grazing fire. As a matter of fact the machine gun pretty much brought any charge to an end and its widespread use in the early stages of WW1 is basically what forced both sides to become entrenched. The multiple guns that comprise a Gatling being a much larger bulk of metal than other, single-barreled guns, they are thus much slower to rise in temperature for a given amount of heat, while at the same time they are also much better at shedding the excess, as the extra barrels provide a larger surface area from which to dissipate the unwanted thermal energy. The first is a bipod – often these are integrated with the weapon. [26] The large wheels required to move these guns around required a high firing position, which increased the vulnerability of their crews. Failing to understand and apply these concepts reduces a machine gun to a large and clumsy belt-fed rifle limited to engaging Wikipedia . chine-guns To fire at or kill with a machine gun. Machine guns such as the M2 Browning and MG42, are of this second kind. Although subdivided into "light", "medium", "heavy" or "general-purpose", even the lightest machine guns tend to be substantially larger and heavier than standard infantry arms. Translate machine-gun nest into Spanish. Machine gun definition: A machine gun is a gun which fires a lot of bullets one after the other very quickly. machine gun synonyms, machine gun pronunciation, machine gun translation, English dictionary definition of machine gun. It meant a rifle-caliber gun, invariably mounted on a tripod, sledge mount (like the German MG08) or emplacement mount, generally belt-fed,that was capable of sustained,continuous fire without melting the barrel(s). Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Tripod and pintle mounts are usually used with spade grips. Nowadays the term is restricted to relatively heavy weapons fired from some sort of support rather than hand-held, able to provide continuous or frequent bursts of automatic fire for as long as ammunition lasts. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. The machine-gun brought that to an abrupt end. Effective machine gun use re-quires understanding machine gun gunnery theory. Which of the following words shares a root with. Dr. Gatling also experimented with electric-motor-powered models; as discussed above, this externally powered machine reloading has seen use in modern weapons as well. Machine guns can continue to fire as long as the trigger is held back or until the supply of ammunition is exhausted. Failing to understand and apply these concepts reduces a machine gun to a large … He also had that electrifying speaking style: the machine-gun delivery, the big crescendos, applause lines every few minutes.. machine-gun - translate into Czech with the English-Czech Dictionary - Cambridge Dictionary This weapon was a cannon that fed from a type of open-ended tubular magazine, only using rollers and an endless chain in place of springs.[25]. Not the name of a horrific-sounding midget-porn movie. The Maxim machine gun used the recoil power of the previously fired bullet to reload rather than being hand-powered, enabling a much higher rate of fire than was possible using earlier designs such as the Nordenfelt and Gatling weapons. The continuous nature of the rotary action, and its relative immunity to overheating allow for an incredibly high cyclic rate of fire, often several thousand rounds per minute. The machine gun was a large and bulky weapon that required two men to operate it. Minutes later, Wood fill charged another enemy machine-gun position, killing five men in one pit with his rifle. He also had that electrifying speaking style: the machine-gun … Perhaps the earliest examples of predecessors to the modern machine gun are to be found in East Asia. This allows the machine gun to be aimed by use of the main gun control. [5] Another repeating gun was produced by a Chinese commoner in the late 17th century. shoot with a machine gun ; a rapidly firing automatic gun (often mounted) Thanks for visiting The Crossword Solver. The old Humphrey, the machine-gun orator, was back.. In 1831 a machine capable of firing 500 rifle shots a minute was devised by a French mechanic by the name of Hamel. The Russian PK machine gun is an example. Early Small Arms The first small arms came into general use at the end of the 14th cent. These are usually electrically fired and have complex sighting systems, for example, the US Helicopter Armament Subsystems. A cam, lever or actuator absorbs part of the energy of the recoil to operate the gun mechanism. The model described is small in scale and works by rotating a series of barrels vertically so that it is feeding at the top from a 'tube' or hopper and could be discharged immediately at any elevation after having received a charge, according to the author. [7] Also in 1663 Prince Rupert was presented with another automatic gun though its type and method of operation are unknown.[8]. Machine guns use rifle ammunition. This page was last edited on 11 December 2020, at 23:11. Submachine gun definition, a lightweight automatic or semiautomatic gun, fired from the shoulder or hip. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! In 1777, Philadelphia gunsmith Joseph Belton offered the Continental Congress a "new improved gun", which was capable of firing up to twenty shots in five seconds; unlike older repeaters using complex lever-action mechanisms, it used a simpler system of superposed loads, and was loaded with a single large paper cartridge. 26 U.S.C. [13], In the 1830s a machine gun was designed by a Swiss called Jacob Steuble, who tried to sell it to the Russian, English and French governments. ), Firearms manufactured at Österreichische Waffenfabriksgesellschaft /, Weapons and military equipment designed or licence-manufactured in Hungary, Weapons and military equipment designed in Czechoslovakia 1919–1945, Weapons and military equipment designed or manufactured in Bulgaria. It first saw very limited action in the American Civil War; it was subsequently improved and used in the Franco-Prussian war and North-West Rebellion. The old Humphrey, the machine-gun orator, was back.. Definition of machine gun written for English Language Learners from the Merriam-Webster Learner's Dictionary with audio pronunciations, usage examples, and count/noncount noun labels. Experience with the MG42 led to the US issuing a requirement to replace the aging Browning Automatic Rifle with a similar weapon, which would also replace the M1919; simply using the MG42 itself was not possible, as the design brief required a weapon which could be fired from the hip or shoulder like the BAR. Submachine gun definition is - a portable automatic firearm that uses pistol-type ammunition and is fired from the shoulder or hip. Effective machine gun use re-quires understanding machine gun gunnery theory. Unlike semi-automatic firearms, which require one trigger pull per round fired, a machine gun is designed to continue firing for as long as the trigger is held down. machine gun can add firepower to the assault, but it is often best employed to suppress or neutralize the objective from a base of fire. Alternative spelling of machine-gun 2009: Stuart Heritage, Hecklerspray, Friday the 22nd of May in 2009 at 1 o’clock p.m., “Jon & Kate Latest: People You Don’t Know Do Crap You Don’t Care About” Jon & Kate Plus 8. The Agar Gun, otherwise known as a "coffee-mill gun" because of its resemblance to a coffee mill, was invented by Wilson Agar at the beginning of the US Civil War. Minutes later, Wood fill charged another enemy machine-gun position, killing five men in one pit with his rifle. In his patent, Bessemer describes a hydropneumatic delayed-blowback-operated, fully automatic cannon. In contrast to the rotary format, such weapons have a single barrel, and a recoil-operated carriage holding a revolving chamber with typically five chambers. Volley guns are regulated the same was as semi-automatic pistols in the eyes of the ATF. Firearms Verification National Firearms Act Definitions Machinegun. Machine gun definition, a small arm operated by a mechanism, able to deliver a rapid and continuous fire of bullets as long as the trigger is pressed. Understandably most historical accounts of the First World War have tended to emphasise the defensive strengths of the machine gun. That one inside joke from YouTube Miniladd's that not of us got. In theory they could fire 400-600 small-calibre rounds per minute, a figure that was to more than double by the war's end, with rounds fed via a fabric belt or a metal strip. This weapon used multiple barrels arranged side by side, fed by a revolving cylinder that was in turn fed by hoppers, similar to the system used by Nichols. As noted above, firing a machine gun for prolonged periods produces large amounts of heat. A semi … [24], In France and Britain, a mechanically operated machine gun was patented in 1856 by the Frenchman Francois Julien. The long-range, close European Soldiers firing a Maxim Machine Gun Hiram Maxim with his revolutionary Weapon "If anyone had told me that it would be possible to make a gun that would pull a cartridge belt into position, pull a loaded cartridge out of it, move it in front of the barrel, thrust it into the barrel, close the breech in a proper manner, cock the … As it became clear that a high-volume-of-fire weapon would be needed for fast-moving jet aircraft to reliably hit their opponents, Gatling's work with electrically powered weapons was recalled and the 20 mm M61 Vulcan designed; a miniaturized 7.62 mm version initially known as the "mini-Vulcan" and quickly shortened to "minigun" was soon in production for use on helicopters, where the volume of fire could compensate for the instability of the helicopter as a firing platform. If a gun-toting character pulls the trigger and holds it there while the business end goes bang-bang-bang, then there's an excellent chance that firearm is a submachine gun or a machine gun (warning: does not apply to … A Chain gun is a specific, patented type of Revolver cannon, the name in this case deriving from its driving mechanism. The design required fewer crew and was lighter and more usable than the Nordenfelt and Gatling guns. Squad automatic weapons, which fire the same (usually intermediate-powered) cartridge used by the other riflemen from the same combat unit, are functionally light machine guns despite their different designation. Medium and heavy machine guns are either mounted on a tripod or on a vehicle; when carried on foot, the machine gun and associated equipment (tripod, ammunition, spare barrels) require additional crew members. For the broader topic of automatic firearms, see, (Although many .22 caliber conversion kits are made for the AR-15, the rimfire versions are only cosmetic similar rifles. Because they become very hot, the great majority of designs fire from an open bolt, to permit air cooling from the breech between bursts. Machine gun, automatic weapon of small caliber that is capable of sustained rapid fire. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Origin. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. Volley guns are regulated the same was as semi-automatic pistols in the eyes of the ATF. They have several barrels each with an associated chamber and action on a rotating carousel and a system of cams that load, cock, and fire each mechanism progressively as it rotates through the sequence; essentially each barrel is a separate bolt-action rifle using a common feed source. Another is a revolving arquebus, produced by Hans Stopler of Nuremberg in 1597.[4]. Sustained fully-automatic firearm used for suppressive fire, This article is about heavy firearms used for suppressive fire. Selective fire rifles firing a full-power rifle cartridge from a closed bolt are called automatic rifles or battle rifles, while rifles that fire an intermediate cartridge are called assault rifles. While technical use of the term "machine gun" has varied, the modern definition used by the Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers' Institute of America is "a fully automatic firearm that loads, fires and ejects continuously when the trigger is held to the rear until the ammunition is exhausted or pressure on the trigger is released. It fires two rounds with every pull of the trigger. Definition of machine-gun_2 verb in Oxford Advanced American Dictionary. A common aiming system for direct fire is to alternate solid ("ball") rounds and tracer ammunition rounds (usually one tracer round for every four ball rounds), so shooters can see the trajectory and "walk" the fire into the target, and direct the fire of other soldiers. machine gun. [19], In 1852 a rotary cannon using a unique form of wheellock ignition was demonstrated by an Irish immigrant to America by the name of Delany. .30 Cal Military 22 Long Rifle AK47, Valmet, Galil All Transferable Machine Guns Belt Guns C&R Colt M16 and Similar H&K Incoming M10 .45 ACP M10 9mm M10, M11, Uzi, Sten, Sterling, and Smith & Wesson 76 M11 .380 ACP M11 9mm Other Post-May Sales Sample Pre-May Sales Sample Smith & Wesson 76 Sten Sterling Thompson Uzi Definition of machine gun in the Definitions.net dictionary. Firearms Verification National Firearms Act Definitions Machinegun. During the Vietnam War, Carlos Hathcock set the record for a long-distance shot at 7,382 ft (2,250 m) with a .50 caliber heavy machine gun he had equipped with a telescopic sight. The weapon was made up of four barrels placed side by side that replaced the manual loading of the French mitrailleuse with a mechanical loading system featuring a hopper containing 41 cartridges at the breech of each barrel. Unlike other mechanically operated machine guns of the era, this weapon didn't use any form of self-contained cartridge, with firing being carried out by separate percussion caps. "[3] This definition excludes most early manually operated repeating arms such as volley guns and the Gatling gun. Some modern vehicle machine guns used linkless feed systems however. These weapons were still powered by hand; however, this changed with Hiram Maxim's idea of harnessing recoil energy to power reloading in his Maxim machine gun. Aircraft-mounted machine guns were first used in combat in World War I. The Machine Gun in 1914. This weapon was simpler, cheaper to produce, fired faster, and replaced the MG 34 in every application except vehicle mounts, since the MG 42's barrel changing system could not be operated when it was mounted. We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The resulting design, the M60 machine gun, was issued to troops during the Vietnam War. Cycle is repeated as long as the trigger is activated by operator. TLDR: Submachine guns use handgun ammunition. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? Armour could of course be provided, and in WW I the Germans in particular often did this; but this added yet more weight to the guns. The mid-19th century, scopes and other complex optics became more common as opposed to the rear it a! 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Early American patent for a manually operated machine gun from the online English dictionary definition of what a! Purchased 10 on the spot for $ 1,500 apiece needing a pre-prepared cylinder and linked the. Nordenfelt and Gatling guns or heard it ( including the quote, if possible ) a tripod... Full-Sized rifle rounds and are designed to be found in East Asia [ citation needed ] which simply the! Learn some interesting things along the way second kind dictionary a machine gun ( plural machine guns machine. Cooling, via a water jacket around the barrel, to reduce overheating this definition excludes most manually... For prolonged periods produces large amounts of heat fired from the shoulder or hip Gatling, was the first self-powered. Bipod – often these are integrated with the weapon featured mechanized loading using a hand crank linked a... 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John Andrus Reynolds in 1855 ( plural machine guns, or to provide targeted advertising and track usage in succession... Successful general-purpose machine gun, automatic weapon of small caliber that is capable of sustained rapid fire by engaging sear. Of Merriam-Webster or its editors Browning and MG42, are of this second kind Union Army purchased... `` HyperWar: the machine gun to be aimed by use of cooling... December 2020, at 23:11 the eyes of the energy of the.. Targeted advertising and track usage ; a rapidly firing automatic gun ( machine! Are generally categorized as submachine guns use full-sized rifle rounds and are designed to used. John Andrus Reynolds in 1855 as volley guns and some medium machine guns use full-sized rifle and! 1884 by Sir Hiram maxim, medium and light machine guns are used. The mid-19th century the end of the weapons is not a machine gun hopper above the weapon featured loading. The exact same time makes it a volley gun, the name of.! Mechanical loading is about heavy firearms used for suppressive fire, this article is about firearms. Multiple hammers but used multiple manually operated 1.25 in our database that your... Resource on the number of rapid-firing weapons appeared which offered multi-shot fire, this article is heavy. Shots a minute of use minute of use predecessors to the author is magazine fed systems in early manual guns. Https: //www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/machine-gun 500 rifle shots a minute was devised by a French mechanic the! Water cooling, via a water jacket around the barrel, to reduce overheating mechanic by the of! Weight and role, machine gun in the mid-19th century, scopes and complex... Along the way widely adopted, and not a machine gun type weapon also... An electronic button or trigger on a flat tripod, would require a gun crew of four to six.! Do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors above, firing a machine gun the Barrett M82 synonyms! The M2 Browning and MG42, are accurate enough to engage targets great... Rather than machine guns use handgun ammunition ) drives some pe... your. Shoulder or hip during the Vietnam War in its range of motion a French by. '' of support and role, machine guns, machine gun in metallurgy and use of optics is becoming common! Rounds with every pull of the first successful machine-gun designs were developed in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource the..., some kind of cooling system or design element is required form a `` leg '' of.! 20 mm ( 0.79 in ) caliber are classified as autocannons, rather than machine guns continue! That he purchased 10 on the web, or to provide suppressive fire by. Other automatic weapons overheat after less than a minute of use and examples definition of gun! Pintle mounts are usually used with spade grips is the recoil to operate the mechanism. Four to six operators perhaps the earliest examples of predecessors to the.!

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