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maximilien robespierre is best known in french history for

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Author of. He also defended patriotic soldiers, such as those of the Châteauvieux regiment, who had been imprisoned after their mutiny at Nancy. La fabrication d’un monstre, Le Grand Méchant Robespierre – Marc Bélissa and Yannick Bosc – discussion in French, dissecting the creation of the, Hervé Leuwers (University of Lille) on Robespierre (French), Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, Frederick Louis, Prince of Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen, François Alexandre Frédéric, duc de la Rochefoucauld-Liancourt, Honoré Gabriel Riqueti, comte de Mirabeau, Alexandre-Théodore-Victor, comte de Lameth, Louis Michel le Peletier de Saint-Fargeau, List of people associated with the French Revolution, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maximilien_Robespierre&oldid=993995824, Deputies to the French National Convention, French people executed by guillotine during the French Revolution, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1794) was one of the leaders and orators of the French Revolution of 1789, best known for his involvement in the Reign of Terror that followed. "Robespierre and the Terror", Linton, Marisa. Robespierre was kept out of the committees and from the presidency of the National Assembly; only once, in June 1790, was he elected secretary of the National Assembly. Maximilien Robespierre. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. By 1788 Robespierre was already well known for his altruism. Blanc, Louis Jean Joseph (1869). Paris, Pluriel. Leuwers, Hervé (2014) Robespierre. In 1791, Robespierre became an outspoken advocate for the citizens without a political voice, for their unrestricted admission to the National Guard, to public offices, and for t… In April 1790, he preside… As a member of the Constituent Assembly and the Jacobin Club, he campaigned for universal manhood suffrage and the abolition both of celibacy for the clergy, and slavery. In the latter months of 1793 he came to dominate the … 290 People Used More Information ›› Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Robespierre is commemorated by two plaques in Paris, one on the exterior of the Duplays’ house, now 398, A stone bust by Albert Séraphin (1949) stands in the square Robespierre, opposite the theatre in, Charles Correia's 1980s bronze sculptural group at the Collège Robespierre in, Aulard, François-Alphonse (1897). The Brunswick Manifesto and the Radicalization of the French Revolution," French History 25, no. Robespierre briefly presided over the influential Jacobin Club, a political club based in Paris. Robespierre remains a complicated man of history. The Death of Maximilien de Robespierre, July 28, 1794 awyers led the French Revolution. - L'ARBR- Les Amis de Robespierre", OCR A Level History: The French Revolution and the rule of Napoleon 1774-1815 by Mike Wells, Non-Violence and the French Revolution: Political Demonstrations in Paris ... by Micah Alpaugh, p. 245-246, "The meaning of 9 Thermidor - A People's History of the French Revolution", http://www.laviedesidees.fr/L-epuisement-de-Robespierre.html, Letters Written in France By Helen Maria Williams, p. 178, 185, http://journals.openedition.org/ahrf/12537, François Crouzet (1999) Historians and the French Revolution: the case of Maximilien Robespierre, p. 256-261, http://www.booksandideas.net/Robespierre-the-Indecisive.html, The Enlightenment that Failed: Ideas, Revolution, and Democratic Defeat ...by Jonathan I. Israel, 482, Mémoires de Charles Barbaroux, député à la convention nationale ..., Volume 5 by Charles Jean Marie Barbaroux, Charles O. Barbaroux, p. 62-63, https://statues.vanderkrogt.net/object.php?webpage=ST&record=frif030, https://patrimoine.seinesaintdenis.fr/spip.php?page=document&id_document=1028036, https://patrimoine.seinesaintdenis.fr/spip.php?page=document&id_document=1028019, http://www.nella-buscot.com/jardins_montpellier_prf_2.php, Lewes, G.H. His natural talents were mediocre and intellectually Robespierre was inferior to the leaders of the revolution, such as, Danton or Mirabeau. NOW 50% OFF! Maximilien Robespierre (6 May 1758 – 28 July 1794) is one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution. Maximilien Robespierre, oil on canvas by Pierre-Roch Vigneron, 1786; in the Museum of French History, Palace of Versailles. London. "The choices of Maximilien Robespierre.". On July 27, 1794, Robespierre and a number of his followers were arrested at the Hôtel de Ville in Paris. Maximilien de Robespierre, a key figure in the French Revolution, helped to upend the monarchy. "Robespierre, Old Regime Feminist? In all, the committee oversaw some 17,000 official executions. His mother died in July of 1764 due to complications related to childbirth and his father, François de Robespierre, left the children to travel Europe. Robespierre, his life threatened, went to live with the family of the cabinetmaker Maurice Duplay. "The Fundamental Ideas of Robespierre", Dicus, Andrew. Bryan, William Jennings, ed. He defended actors, Jews, and Black enslaved people and supported the reunion of Avignon, formerly a papal possession, with France in September 1791. Maximilien François Marie Isidore de Robespierre was a French lawyer and statesman who was one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution. In History. Robespierre. A death mask made by Madame Tussaud has been used to recreate the likeness of Maximilien de Robespierre - the infamous revolutionary leader. He and other representatives of the Third Estate joined together to form the short-lived National Assembly, which was eventually replaced by the Legislative Assembly and, later, the National Convention. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Maximilien Robespierre (1758–1794) grew up in northern France, and he later earned a law degree from a school in Paris. Nickname: The Incorruptible. He received a law degree in 1781 and became a lawyer at Arras, where he set up house with his sister Charlotte. crises politiques, crises médicales dans la vie de Maximilien Robespierre, 1790-1794 », Annales historiques de la Révolution française, 371 | 2013, 137-152. ... Maximilien Robespierre and the Jacobins are best known for a.Sending French troops to fight in the American Revolution Proofs of his growing popularity were the ferocious attacks made by the royalist press on this “Demosthenes,” “who believes everything he says,” this “monkey of Mirabeau’s” (the comte de Mirabeau, a politician who wanted to create a constitutional assembly). From 1765 he attended the college of the Oratorians at Arras, and in 1769 he was awarded a scholarship to the famous college of Louis-le-Grand in Paris, where he distinguished himself in philosophy and law. Longman. It targeted and systematically executed perceived enemies of the Revolution. In many ways it is fitting that Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1794) is one of the best known figures of the French Revolution, if not its most famous. Dominate the Committee of Public Safety a French lawyer and politician who became one the! 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