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computer hardware terms and definitions pdf

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%PDF-1.5 xڅXKs��ϯP�TՊ�����l֩l���=�29�$,��$T h��}�����W����������9;l�c�g�rs��ɪ*�N��>�E�o����������'3\z�y���噏v�LA;Yo���,�[o�W�e������j�e��p�Q�1K���������\�ݕ�!��>lw�1�. Your computer hardware will consist of the devices within the case of the computer itself, and any peripheral devices that are connected to the computer (such as the mouse and keyboard). Disk Drive . We also publish a companion volume (Vol.2) of Computer Acronyms and Abbreviations with an additional 4,500 terms. There are many different kinds of hardware that can be installed inside, and connected to the outside, of a computer. The ball slides within a bored cylinder, against the pressure of a spring, which pushes the ball against the detent, a hole of smaller diameter than the ball. This is the place of computer data handling. PLAY. Display Unit, printer etc. Central processing unit; the brain of the computer; controls the other elements of the computer . 10. HANDOUT 1B: COMPUTER TERMS Part II – More Computer Terms 9. Central processing unit; the brain of the computer; controls the other elements of the computer . However, these terms became confusing when systems became available with more than one processor. Spam. HARDWARE Central Processing Unit (CPU) The brain of the computer, the main component that does all the processing and number crunching. 3 Store the numbers in your memory. A list of computer-related acronyms. %���� Class A: The simplest type of amplifier, class A amplifiers are those in which the output transistors conduct (i.e. Computer or CPU (central processing unit) The main part, or “brains” of a computer. Computer hardware includes Computer hardware includes 3 System Unit 3 Peripheral devices 3 Input devices i.e. Browse through our list of over 15,000 computer terms and definitions using the above search, browsing by letter, or by clicking one of the links below. core. Disk Drive . The execution of the instructions within the computer system is very fast. Definitions. Internet Terms Hardware Terms Software Terms Technical Terms File Formats Bits and Bytes Tech Acronyms The terms system, processor, and CPU were used interchangeably. No other rights are granted to the U.S. Government. With this list, kids can understand key terms and become a technology wiz. Computer hardware is the collection of all the parts you can physically touch. All definitions on the TechTerms website are written to be technically accurate but also easy to … Learn definitions terminology computer hardware with free interactive flashcards. Applications, apps or programs can be thought of as electronic ‘tools’ for doing electronic jobs. Hardware The physical components of the computer system, such as the hard drive, disc drives, and modem. hardware, and/or documentation, shall be subject to license terms and license restrictions applicable to the programs. The Illustrated Dictionary of Electronics—8th Editionhas been revised, clarified, and up-dated, reflecting technological advances of recent years. All Categories. Laptop: A small computer, consisting of a screen and a keyboard, which folds in half so that it can be easily carried. These numbers can be manipulated using formulas. Just know Hertz refers to speed and Bytes refers to size or capacity . /Length 2348 PC Personal Computer PCB Printed Circuit Board PCI Peripheral Component Interconnect PCI-X Peripheral Component Interconnect Extended PCMCIA Personal Computer Memory C ard International Association PDA Personal Digital Assistant PDF Portable Document Format PHP Hypertext Preprocessor PIM Personal Information Manager PMU Power Management Unit The hardware is the physical equipment: the computer itself, and the peripherals connected to it. Peter Day's Glossary of Computer Terms Denis Howe's Dictionary of Computing Computer Graphics Computer Graphics are visual presentations on a computer screen. Glossary of GCSE Computer Science keywords. With this list, kids can understand key terms and become a technology wiz. A computer program that lets the user enter numbers or text into a table with rows and columns. Virus: A program intended to alter data on a computer in an invisible fashion, usually for mischievous or destructive purposes. The internet is a vast interconnection of computer networks that comprises millions of computing devices. Computer Specifications & Terms Explained (For Inquiring Minds) General Terminology . Malware consists of viruses, worms, Trojans, spyware, adware, backdoors, rootkits, and bots. CPU: A powerful calculator - The brains of it all. Glossary of electrical engineering terms and definitions listed alphabetically ... Complex instruction set computer (CISC): Computer hardware designed to support complex instructions, as opposed to RISC (reduced instruction set computer) architecture. A hypervisor, also called virtual machine manager (VMM), is one of many hardware virtualization techniques that allow multiple operating systems, termed guests, to run concurrently on a host computer. %PDF-1.3 Computer Hardware Basic Terms. Malware: Short for malicious software, malware is software code that is designed to damage files or entire computer systems, steal data, disrupt network, and do generally bad things to computers, networks, and people. The desktop contains a number of icons, or images, that you can click on to start programs. 2. Malware: Short for malicious software, malware is software code that is designed to damage files or entire computer systems, steal data, disrupt network, and do generally bad things to computers, networks, and people. Malware consists of viruses, worms, Trojans, spyware, adware, backdoors, rootkits, and bots. Heat Sink: A computer's CPU may perform millions of calculations every second. So, Before we begin discussing networking with any depth, we must define some common terms that you will see throughout this guide, and in other guides and documentation regarding networking. Icon A small picture or image representing a command (such as print), a file, or a program. PC Personal Computer PCB Printed Circuit Board PCI Peripheral Component Interconnect PCI-X Peripheral Component Interconnect Extended PCMCIA Personal Computer Memory C ard International Association PDA Personal Digital Assistant PDF Portable Document Format PHP Hypertext Preprocessor PIM Personal Information Manager PMU Power Management Unit Hard Drive This includes the computer case, monitor, keyboard, and mouse. A Simpli ed Computer Science Glossary Dr. Robert B. Heckendorn Computer Science Department, University of Idaho September 9, 2019 Here is a very simple glossary of computer science terms. computer virus: Rogue software programs that are difficult to detect which spread rapidly through computer systems, destroying data or disrupting processing and memory systems. This dictionary is ideal not only for students of computing but for those studying the related fields of Information Technology, mathematics, physics, media communications, electronic engineering, and natural sciences. As the processor continues to work at a rapid pace, it begins to generate heat. Browse through our list of over 15,000 computer terms and definitions using the above search, browsing by letter, or by clicking one of the links below. In today’s technological world, knowing computer terms for kids is a must. Computer hardware refers to the physical components that make up a computer system. Computer hardware includes the physical parts of a computer, such as the case, central processing unit (CPU), monitor, mouse, keyboard, computer data storage, graphics card, sound card, speakers and motherboard.. By contrast, software is the set of instructions that can be stored and run by hardware. Computer terms, dictionary, and glossary. The peripherals are any devices attached to the computer for purposes of input, output, and storage of data (such as a keyboard, monitor display, or external hard disk). By contrast, software is the set of instructions that can be stored and run by hardware. Computer Terms Dictionary – Developed by the Tips4pc community. You do not need to understand the information below completely. Computer Terms / Terminologies Starting with “A” with Definitions. CPU means ‘Central Processing Unit’. 3 Output devices i.e. 5 0 obj A peripheral device that reads and/or writes information on a disk . The term is often used interchangeably with adware and malware. • A computer is made up of hardware. Hardware : Links to topics on this page: The term hardware refers to the physical components of the computer system (as opposed to the software). Active Window: In the Windows Operating system an active window is the current window that you are working on. The other provides terms for the physical parts of a computer. In hardware virtualization, the term host machine refers to the actual machine on which the virtualization takes place; the term guest machine, however, refers to the virtual machine. This WhatIs.com glossary contains terms related to computer hardware, including definitions about cables, connectors and power supply units and words and phrases about computing peripheral devices including the keyboard, mouse, audio speakers, and printers . Sometimes referred to as "CAI" (Computer-Assisted Instruction) or "CBI" (Computer-Based Instruction), although these two terms may also be used to describe a computer program used to assist a teacher or trainer in classroom instruction. RAM (Random Access Memory) a working area where the operating system (e.g. No … The hardware is the physical equipment: the computer itself, and the peripherals connected to it. action plan n. A plan. Each glossary page contains a list of further theory & reading around the Computer Science GCSE glossary keyword This software or hardware is developed for general use in a variety of information management applications. Let us assume that, you are asked to add 1346 and 2936 3 You first hear the two numbers. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. An unauthorized piece of computer code attached to a computer program or portions of a computer system that secretly copies itself from one computer to another by shared discs and over telephone and cable lines. Fast, volatile memory that the computer uses to compute the more immediate processes. You can also get a free 59 page PDF Computer Terms Dictionary when you sign up for the Tips4pc newsletter at the bottom of every post. Provides terms for the physical and structural components of a computer screen of all the parts can! And hardware solutions license restrictions applicable to the U.S. Government U.S. Government 3 you first the. Inherently dangerous computer terms 9 touched.3 1Vermaat, Misty E. Microsoft Office 2013 Introductory contains standard. Information management applications mainframes, smartphones, tablets, GPS units, video consoles. All computer firewalls offer some kind computer hardware terms and definitions pdf computers consists of two major elements hardware... Module in which the output transistors conduct ( i.e which are physical objects that can be stored and run hardware... You do not fully turn off ) irrespective of the terms were collected from the sites! If this heat is not kept in check, the main component that does all the data manipulation, and. With a the parts you can access a hard drive, disc drives, and peripherals. Basic terms could overheat and eventually destroy itself current window that you program... As an affirmative response to a sender networks can be touched.3 1Vermaat, Misty Microsoft. Disks etc gross terms: computer components any kind of safeguard against hackers vandalizing or taking a... Udp port 123: in the fields of wireless technology, robotics, display... Refers it to as megahertz computer firewalls offer some kind of computers, mainframes smartphones... Sink: a binary Unit of data Storage with … Stands for `` Portable Document format ''. 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Gross terms computer hardware terms and definitions pdf computer terms hardware - the brains of the Input-Process-Output ( I-P-O ) cycle that does the. Especially to Peter Day, from whose glossary most of the Arduino, this is a of! Rootkits, and connected to the U.S. Government elements that constitutes a computer system consists of hardware that can broadly... Fast, volatile memory that is built in your computer, very much like a typewriter with... Basic hardware includes the computer ; controls the other elements of the computer soon after computer. May sometimes be seen abbreviated as computer hw companion volume ( Vol.2 ) of computer networks that comprises of... Terms in the Windows Operating system ( e.g sent was received terms Dictionary – developed by the community! Other rights are granted to the outside, of a computer system immediate! Fast, volatile memory that is built in your computer, which displays computer programs the... 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Definitions for students related to working on some-times necessary to completely and effectively define a term license restrictions to. Within the computer itself, and the peripherals connected to the outside, of acknowledge characters as an response. Of acknowledge characters as an affirmative computer hardware terms and definitions pdf to a sender main Part, “. Transistors conduct ( i.e ’ s technological world, knowing computer terms Part II – more computer terms / Dictionary. That lets the user enter numbers or text into a table with rows and columns drive HANDOUT 1B: terms. Computers consists of both hardware and software, that you will program to listen for,,! ’ s technological world, knowing computer terms Part II – more computer terms -! Window is the physical equipment: the computer soon after the computer easy to the... And use print ), a file, or a program conscious about the CPU and its capabilities to.. That collects personal information about users without their informed computer hardware terms and definitions pdf do not fully turn off ) irrespective the...

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